Challenger Relief Map of BC

Comments 5 by Rebecca Bollwitt

Flipping through the pages of Chuck Davis’ History of Metropolitan Vancouver I came across an image of a man with a mop standing on top of the Challenger Relief Map. Created by George Challenger, to this day it’s the largest map of its kind in the world.

Assembly of Challenger relief map of British Columbia in P.N.E. B.C. Building
Via the City Archives on Flickr

Since his arrival in British Columbia in 1896 George had probably traveled over more of the northern part of the province than any other white man, and his experience as prospector, miner, survey crewman, logging and sawmill operator uniquely fitted him for the map making project. It was his desire to instill in British Columbia’s youngsters the same sort of pride in the province that finally prompted him to build the big map.

Challenger Relief Map of BC

Challenger Relief Map
1954: Unveiling ceremony. Archives #CVA 180-5609.6.


1954 – Bank of Commerce directors viewing the map.
VPL Accession Number: 82619A & 82619B. Photographer: Art Jones.

The map was built over a seven-year period, (1947-1954), from three-dimensional cutouts of quarter inch fir plywood donated by MacMillan Bloedel. With help from his wife and his son Bob, George Challenger cut, painted and assembled the 986,000 pieces individually on 180 4-by-8 foot and 16 4-by-4 foot panels of plywood at a total cost of $252,000. [Challenger Map]

Challenger donated the map to the PNE where it was first on display in 1954. I remember visiting the piece in the BC Pavilion when I was younger, and I’m sure other locals and visitors might recall this unforgettable map as well until the pavilion was demolished in 1997.

Challenger Relief Map
Photo credit: John Biehler on Flickr

In 2010, after being in storage for almost a decade, the South West section of the Challenger Map reappeared at RCMP headquarters in Richmond as a part of the 2010 Winter Olympics Integrated Security Unit.

Challenger Relief Map Challenger Relief Map
Photo credit: John Biehler on Flickr

As far as I know, the map is back in pieces, packed away in storage, as a permanent home has not been found. You can donate to become a Guardian of the Map, assisting with restoration and preservation efforts for this Guinness World Record-holding piece.

Update: It’s Coming Back to the PNE

August, 2021: The Challenger Relief Map is coming back to the PNE this season! According to the Vancouver Sun: “The Challenger family and the PNE signed a memorandum of understanding to return the map to Hastings Park. During the 2021 fair, it will be on display in the livestock barns, with a permanent location to be determined.

Challenger’s grandson Bill said the family has been trying to find a home for the legendary map since the B.C. Pavilion was torn down in the “greening” of Hastings Park […] A fundraising initiative is being launched to restore the map, which may cost upwards of $1 million. The eight panels that were restored for the 2010 Olympics were repainted to reflect the geography — mountains were done in a deep forest green, for example, some with white snowcaps and blue glaciers.”

5 Comments  —  Comments Are Closed

  1. EdWednesday, February 22nd, 2012 — 1:30pm PST

    The challenger map was my favorite thing about PNE for many many years! I hope it finds a home soon so I can visit it once in a while again. 🙂

  2. babsFriday, August 10th, 2012 — 10:01am PDT

    I remember seeing that map when I was little at the PNE. I miss the Pavilion too…so much history there. I used to love exporing it. Would love to see that map reinstated back into the PNE somehwere.

  3. TylerIngramMonday, August 13th, 2012 — 7:13am PDT

    I think John Biehler should look at making one of those with the 3D Printer 😉

  4. RaniaMonday, August 13th, 2012 — 8:28am PDT

    The BC relief map was one of the highlights of visiting the PNE when I was a kid. I wish it could be restored and put back on display where a whole new generation could enjoy it, learn about BC from it, and be inspired to visit the rest of this great province.

  5. JeffMonday, August 13th, 2012 — 9:26am PDT

    I think that the map should be placed in a public square. A large square hole would be dug into this square with the map a few meters below the surface. short meter-high wooden-style walls would be built around the maps edges topped with hard, unbreakable glass to protect it from the environment and people. Around the edges of the map would be benches, lights, and so on with a little podium to the side concerning the history of the map and what was done to save it. If Vancouver wants to build further attractions and beautify the city even more I think this would be a big step in the right direction.

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